A quick note on Turkish pronunciation: There are a few letters that are unique to the Turkish alphabet. The letter 'Ç' is pronounced 'ch.' The same principle applies to 'Ş', which is pronounced like 'sh'. There is only one silent letter in the alphabet, which is 'ğ.' The Turkish word for yogurt is 'yoğurt' pronounced 'yo-urt.' You will also see 'Ü' which sounds like 'ew' (as in few), and 'Ö', pronounced like 'eh'. There are also two variations of the letter 'i', the second of which looks like this: 'ı', and sound like 'euh'.
Rakı, the national Turkish spirit is pronounced rak-euh.
Thank you Teşekkür ederim
Thanks very much Çok teşekkürler
You’re welcome Rica ederim
Pardon me Afedersiniz
I’m fine İyiyim
What ? Ne?
How ? Nasıl?
Why ? Neden?
When? Ne zaman?
What’s this? Bu nedir?
Good morning Günaydın
Good evening İyi Akşamlar
Good night İyi geceler
Good Bye Güle güle
See you Gorushuruz
Good day İyi günler
Straight on Doğru
Over there Orada
The bill please Hesap Lütfen
•Rakı: The national spirit of Turkey — an unsweetened, anise-flavored alcoholic drink
•Ayran: A cold drink of yogurt with water seasoned with salt
•Kahve: Turkish Coffee
•Sade: No sugar (Turkish coffee comes either with our without sugar which
you need to specify when ordering)
•Az şekerli: A little sugar
•Orta şekerli: A moderate amount of sugar
•Çok şekerli: With lots of sugar
•Kırmızı şarap: Red wine
•Beyaz şarap: White wine
•Maden suyu: Sparkling water
•Meyve suyu: Fruit juice
•Menemen: Scrambled eggs with vegetables, similar to shakshuka
•Börek: Baked pastry made with phyllo dough stuffed with meat or vegetable
•Ispanaklı börek: Spinach börek
•Peynirli börek: Cheese börek
•Kıymalı börek: Ground beef börek
•Açma: a ring-shaped savory bun
•Poğaça: A flaky, savory pastry, served sade (plain) or peynirli (with cheese), kıymalı (minced meat) or zeytinli (black olives).
•Beyaz peynir: Salty white cheese
•Kaşar: A moderately fatty sheep's cheese similar to the Spanish Manchego
•Sucuk: Dry, spicy beef sausage
•Nohutlu pilav: Rice cooked with chickpeas in a chicken broth
•Döner: A sandwich of stuffed with meat (lamb or veal) cooked on a vertical rotisserie
•Simit: Turkish bagel
•Pide: Flatbread, often with meat or cheese
•Lahmacun: Flatbread with ground lamb
•Gözleme: Sweet or savory pancake topped with various of toppings
•Kumpir: Baked potato with stuffing
•Kebap: Grilled meat
•Sish kebap: Meat grilled on a skewer
•Iskender kebap: Döner kebab prepared from thinly cut grilled lamb basted with hot tomato sauce over pieces of pita bread, slathered with melted butter and yogurt.
•Yogurtlu kebap: Döner kebab prepared from thinly cut grilled lamb topped with yogurt
•Adana kebap: Minced meat kebab mounted on a wide iron skewer and grilled
Urfa kebap: Spicy Minced meat kebab mounted on a wide iron skewer and grilled
•Pirzola: Lamb chops
•Midye dolma: Mussels stuffed with rice
Midye Tava: Fried mussels
•Barbunya: Red mullet
•Bulgur Pilavı: Bulgur pilaf
•Mercimek corbasi: Lentil soup
•Piyaz: White bean salad
•Dolma: Stuffed grape leaves
•Cacik: Yogurt with cucumber, dill and garlic (Tzatziki)
•Manti: Turkish dumplings filled with minced meat and topped with garlic yogurt, melted butter, dried mint, ground sumac and red pepper powder.
•İç pilav: Rice with liver, currants, pinenuts, chestnut, cinnamon and herbs
•Zeytinyağlı: Vegetables cooked in olive oil
•Sütlü tatlılar: Milk-based desserts
•Kaymak: Clotted cream
•Yufka: Thin sheets of unleavened flour dough (phyllo)
•Tavuk göğsü: Pudding made with milk and chicken breast (local speciality). It does not taste chicken at all!!
•Baklava: Layered phyllo with nuts or pistachio nuts and syrup
•Sütlaç: Rice pudding
•Muhallebi: Milk pudding
•Lokum: Turkish delight
•Maraş Dondurması: Turkish ice cream made of goat milk and salep
•Salep: Flour made of orchids, used in ice cream or prepared as a hot drink
•Künefe: Shredded phylo pastry ( Kadayıf)with cheese soaked in syrup
•Kabak tatlısı: Pumpkin dessert
brussels sprout: Brüksel lahanası
string bean: çalı fasulye
green pepper: yeşil biber
lettuce: marul, yeşil salata
red pepper: kırmızı biber
sour or black cherry: vişne (sour and darker, used for jam and juice)